Education uncertain, but was a pastorally oriented expert in law.
Teacher of canon law in Bologna, c. 1140.
Expert advisor in legatine court, Venice, 1143.
Bishop of Chiusi, Tuscany, c. 1144
Died 10 August, c. 1145
Professor of History, University of Oslo
BA Stockholm University, 1990
PhD Columbia University, 1996
Above seen together with Svalbardsbók, a manuscript of Icelandic law.
Professor of Law, Leipzig University
Sometime Rector, Leipzig University
Edited the second recension of Gratian's Decretum in 1879, leaning strongly on manuscript Ka and the Roman edition as edited by his teacher Aemilius Ludwig Richter.
Magister Gratianus, in hoc opere antonomasice dictus magister, loco proemii talem suo praemisit libro titulum: "Concordia discordantium canonum", in quo materiam et intentionem breviter exponit.
The book is useful for knowing how mores should be taught, how judgments should be concluded, and what should be thougth concerning the sacraments.
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